RAWFILL in a nutshell

Old landfill policy – Memorandum of sustainable landfill management

Landfills are no longer termini of the consumption society, meant to last forever. Today they are dynamic stockpiles of materials, energy and space ready to be exploited for the benefits of the local economy and direct surroundings. This way of thinking is steadily growing in popularity and only recently the European Union, via Interreg North-West Europe, has created a project called RAWFILL to bring together different stakeholders specializing in DLM.

To improve this new approach on landfills it is necessary to develop a brand new working method. Not coincidentally this is the main target of the project partners of Rawfill.

On June 7th 2017 the pilot meeting of RAWFILL took place in Liège.


Rawfill wants to counter these challenges by developing a methodology to…

  • … build extensive databases.
  • … collect missing information by combining geophysical and historical techniques at a reasonable price.
  • …create a Decision Support Tool helping authorities and companies to subdivise and rank their landfills based on their mineability.

Long term impact

The project itself has a duration of three years. The long term impact of RAWFILL will be perpetuated by creating an e-library and by organizing workshops and trainings where the conclusions of RAWFILL will be distributed.

The twin Decision Support Tools (DST)

The main output of OVAM in the RAWFILL project is an application to help municipalities and companies in taking a decision when dealing with landfill sites they possess. The application is a two step approach and follows a roadmap of possible pathways and actions to be taken along the way.

The first major intersection is DST 1, which will only need the most basic pieces of information, thus will be very easy to use. The output of DST 1 will give the user an idea about the potential of the landfill in terms of mining and will rank them so.

Landfills with a potential not high enough that a mining project can be expected in the foreseeable future will arrive in an interim use loop. Advises will be given to an optimal use of the landfill as it is, on the condition there’s no risk for the environment. These temporary solutions will buy time, ranging from a year to several decades, and will deliver one or more (ecosystem)services to society. When the loop ends, the potential will again be evaluated and restart or proceed to DST 2.

Landfills with a high potential will go to DST 2. This is the most complex application of the two and will require assistance from experts.  The output of DST 2 will give a detailed cost/benefit scheme of the landfill mining project.

Our partners

Cleantech Flanders




Les Champs Jouault

Liege universite