Since 2019, Dynamic Landfill Management is the all-encompassing term for the sustainable integration of resources (Materials, Energy, Land) from landfill sites into the Circular economy. This includes the safe storage in view of a high valorization potential (ELFM), providing interim uses and bridging the gap to a final safe situation (Sustainable Landfilling), hereby respecting the most stringent social and ecological criteria.
The objective of Dynamic Landfill Management is to bring landfills in harmony with their environment by preventing or reducing as far as possible negative effects and with respect to the European policies and legislations in the broadest sense (Landfills, Waste and Resource Management, Climate change, Flooding, Soil sealing, No net land take,…).
ELFM: one way in dealing with landfilled waste
Enhanced Landfill Mining (ELFM) is one of the possibilities in the Dynamic Landfill Management world. The demand for raw materials and energy sources is high and still rising. Using them efficiently is essential to meet this demand in the future, too. Keeping materials in the cycle or even reusing materials that were temporarily absent from the materials cycle is therefore a major challenge to entrepreneurs, consumers and policy makers.
Finished or unfinished landfill sites form a possible new source of materials or energy. These are exploited through Enhanced Landfill Mining (ELFM). Enhanced Landfill Mining (ELFM) is a concept that performs the valorisation of materials and energy from landfill sites as sustainably as possible through a maximalisation of materials recycling and optimal energy production.
The ELFM concept aims at a sustainable use of landfill sites whereby four basic targets are set: determining the needs for materials, energy, space and drinking water. This can be formulated as R³P: Recycling of Materials, Recovery of Energy, Reclaiming of Land, and Preserving Drinking Water Supplies.